A lot of clients ask how they know that they’re current on their mortgages after their Chapter 13 case has been completed. It’s actually simple–it’s in your Chapter 13 Discharge Order. If you successfully complete your Chapter 13 plan payments (in other words, you have fully paid your “plan base”), then you must resume making direct monthly payments to your mortgage lender.
I’ll give you an example. Let’s say that you’ve completed your plan base at the end of October, for example. Your attorney will notify the Trustee that the payments should be terminated and a Court Order will be issued to stop your wage attachment with your employer. The Chapter 13 Trustee will send a letter to you that you must begin making payments directly to your mortgage lender, likely effective December or January, because in our Western Pennsylvania District, there are always two extra mortgage payments calculated into the plan base.
By our Local Court Rules, your attorney can file with the Court a Motion for Discharge no sooner than four months after the final plan payment. If the Trustee is in agreement that the required creditors have been paid, then the Court will issue your Discharge Order. Importantly, the Discharge Order specifically states that you are current with your mortgage! If, for example, you later receive a notice or statement from your mortgage lender that you are in arrears, then your attorney can charge your mortgage lender with violating the Discharge Order. And, if requested, judges do find that mortgage companies have violated Chapter 13 Discharge Orders.
For a fascinating case about this very situation, I suggest you read In re Hill, which was recently decided here in Pittsburgh, involving a woman who successfully completed her Chapter 13 case only to find that her mortgage company, Countrywide, claimed in billing statements that she was $4,700 behind on her mortgage. The Judge found that Countrywide had issued a series of falsified mortgage payment statements over the course of several years. But the relief that Ms. Hill’s attorneys sought was to file a Motion to Enforce Discharge Order, because the Countrywide billing statements violated the Discharge Order.